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Caltech’s Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment-2 Takes Its First Flight

first_img 52 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Make a comment Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News Community News STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  A view inside the CIBER-2 experiment Credit: NSROC III/NASAThe instrument to measure a cosmic infrared glow will take multiple short flights aboard a sounding rocketThe Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment-2 (CIBER-2) took its first flight late on June 6 Pacific Time, soaring into space for a short time aboard a NASA rocket. The experiment is measuring a mysterious glow of infrared light that fills our skies called the cosmic infrared background.The origins of CIBER go back to 2007, when NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope made measurements of the cosmic infrared background, which appears as a splotchy pattern on the sky. The splotches trace where galaxies have clustered together due to gravitational attraction. However, the team using Spitzer found more total light than what would be expected from known galaxy populations alone, leading them to propose that the excess light could be coming from the very first stars in the early universe. Later, in 2012, another team analyzed the Spitzer data and came to a different conclusion: that some of the light might be coming from stray stars lying between galaxies.The first CIBER experiment, led by Jamie Bock, Caltech professor of physics, was developed to address these questions by carrying out independent measurements of the cosmic infrared background. The CIBER mission, which consisted of four rocket flights between 2009 and 2013, imaged regions of sky simultaneously at two infrared wavelengths that are shorter than the two wavelengths measured by Spitzer. In 2014, the CIBER team also reported observing more light than expected from galaxies alone and found that the brightness measured in the two CIBER and two Spitzer infrared bands indeed supported the idea of light coming from stars between galaxies.A view of the CIBER-2 primary mirror. Credit: NSROC III/NASACIBER-2 will now make measurements in six wavelengths, giving an even more precise understanding of the diffuse infrared glow in our skies. CIBER-2 can distinguish between light that comes from the very first stars and black holes and light from stray stars outside of galaxies. Light from the first stars and black holes that formed in the universe should have a characteristic spectrum of colors that is caused by the absorption of ultraviolet light by the fog of intergalactic hydrogen in the early universe. That hydrogen fog has since lifted, and therefore it does not affect the spectrum of stray stars that formed more recently.The CIBER-2 mission is led by Michael Zemcov, assistant professor of physics and astronomy at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) in New York. Zemcov was a senior postdoctoral scholar at Caltech with Bock before joining the faculty of RIT.“We know that stars outside of galaxies often occur due to tidal stripping from interactions with other galaxies, but the question is how much?” says Zemcov.“This background glow is the total light produced over cosmic history,” says Bock, who is also a senior research scientist at Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), which is managed by Caltech for NASA. Much of the cosmic infrared background is thought to come from so-called M and K stars, the most common star types in the universe, though there must also be a component from the first stars and black holes to form. “Our method measures the total light emitted over cosmic history, including any sources astronomers might have missed,” says Bock.The CIBER-2 instrument, like the earlier CIBER instrument it is based on, observes from a sounding rocket—a small suborbital rocket that carries scientific instruments on brief trips into space. Once above Earth’s atmosphere, CIBER-2 surveys a patch of sky about 4 square degrees; for reference, the full moon takes up about half a degree. The sounding rocket will take CIBER-2 up to space altitudes of about 300 kilometers for a 10-minute flight, then return the instrument back to Earth. This will be done four times over the next five years.The CIBER missions are important precursors to the Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission; the telescope, targeted to launch in 2024, will survey the sky over two years in 102 wavelengths, allowing more powerful studies of the background. SPHEREx will also help astronomers understand how our universe began and how common the ingredients for life are in young star and planetary systems. Bock who leads the JPL-managed mission, says, “We cut our teeth developing these new techniques on CIBER, but the SPHEREx data to come will take this this science into a new regime.” Top of the News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *center_img Subscribe faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Science and Technology Caltech’s Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment-2 Takes Its First Flight By WHITNEY CLAVIN, Caltech Published on Monday, June 7, 2021 | 4:36 pm CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena More Cool Stuff HerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyRed Meat Is Dangerous And Here Is The ProofHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat’s Your Zodiac Flower Sign?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWomen Love These Great Tips To Making Your Teeth Look WhiterHerbeautyHerbeauty Business Newslast_img read more

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Limerick passengers to get budget parking at Shannon

first_imgNo vaccines in Limerick yet Walk in Covid testing available in Limerick from Saturday 10th April Print Email BusinessLifestyleNewsLimerick passengers to get budget parking at ShannonBy Bernie English – February 27, 2014 596 Shannon Chamber Expresses Disappointment at Ryanair’s Decision to Close Shannon Base for Winter WhatsApp “Shannon Airport is a vital component of our tourism infrastructure” Facebook Previous articleThe Prince is in demandNext articleOnly half of Limerick city rates collected Bernie Englishhttp://www.limerickpost.ieBernie English has been working as a journalist in national and local media for more than thirty years. She worked as a staff journalist with the Irish Press and Evening Press before moving to Clare. She has worked as a freelance for all of the national newspaper titles and a staff journalist in Limerick, helping to launch the Limerick edition of The Evening Echo. Bernie was involved in the launch of The Clare People where she was responsible for business and industry news. center_img Oireachtas Committee to hold series of meetings in response to aviation crisis Advertisement RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter TAGSfeaturedfull-imageRyanairShannon PASSENGERS using Shannon airport will shortly have an option of cheaper parking as the airport is opening a new car-park a short distance from the existing ones.Airport Authority CEO, Neil Pakey revealed the plan to offer budget parking at a Shannon Chamber breakfast briefing on Wednesday morning.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up “Taking a leaf out of Ryanair’s book, we will be offering a ‘park for less’ option not far from the airport shortly,” Mr Pakey said.Asked whether Ryanair has plans for further routes from Shannon, the airline’s deputy chief executive Michael Cawley said it was premature to talk about extra services when the airline had so recently introduced a huge number of routes.However, he added that the “environment for growing routes is positive”.And while chief executive Michael O’Leary was predicting transatlantic fares as low as €10 when Ryanair enters the transatlantic market, Mr Cawley told the Airport Authority “Transatlantic is all very well .. but the focus on Europe should be sharper. It is the area of growth”. Linkedin Statement in response to Ryanair’s decision to close Cork and Shannon bases for winter seasonlast_img read more

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More candidates emerge for Donegal by-election

first_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest Facebook Facebook Despite a date having yet been set for a by-election in Donegal South West to replace MEP Pat the Cope Gallagher the list of candidates continues to grow.Senator Pearse Doherty is expected to contest for Sinn Fein, Frank McBrearty for Labour, Fine Gael select their candidate next month while Fianna Fail have yet to announce who will run for them.Now Indendent Councillor Thomas Pringle has thrown his hat in to the ring.Councillor Thomas Pringle says a firm date would level the playing field: Google+ Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th WhatsApp Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Twitter Newsx Adverts Google+center_img Twitter Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry More candidates emerge for Donegal by-election Previous articleCouncillors call for Donegal to get fair share of water fundingNext articleGAA- Gallagher out for 3 months. News Highland 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic By News Highland – January 27, 2010 WhatsApp Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Pinterestlast_img read more

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Remembering Susan Berry: ‘She had so many gifts she shared’

first_imgLatest Stories Published 3:00 am Saturday, April 8, 2017 “I can’t imagine how many children Susan taught in kindergarten and first grade that would name her as their favorite teacher,” said Pat Duke, who has been friends with Sue Bee since 1953.“Susan was in junior high school when she began helping me in the summer art classes at Murphree Park,” Duke said. “There was just something about Susan that drew children to her. They adored her. Even at that young age, I knew she had to be a teacher and she was always an artist.“I’ve never known anybody like Susan. She always had a smile on her face and she was so much fun to be with. She was special and I’m going to miss her. Everybody who knew Susan will miss her.” Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Sue Bee’s handprints are all over Troy.Her handprints can be found in the pottery she made, the pictures she painted, the soil she tilled, the children she hugged and the lives she touched.And Mary Susan Berry’s death on Sunday brought a soft sadness to countless friends of all ages. Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Sallie Fenn and Susan were art friends and heart friends. “But then, Susan was a friend to everyone,” Fenn said. “She was open hearted; she was kind and caring. She was extremely tolerant expect when it came to discouragement and cruelty. Susan was a free spirit and she was a fighter. She went through three brain surgeries, and she never felt sorry for herself and or wanted anyone to feel sorry for her. She was Sue Bee and she was OK.”Mary Susan Berry was a part of the things that she deemed important – her “grown up” church, Collegedale Church of Christ, and the church of her youth, Hamilton Cross Road Church of Christ. She was front row and singing at the annual singings at the Old Country Church each Sunday before Thanksgiving. She loved those old-time hymns. Susan was a member of the Flora-Bunda Garden Club and she taught a gardening class at the Colley Senior Complex. As Fenn said, “Susan liked to play in the dirt.” Remembering Susan Berry: ‘She had so many gifts she shared’ Book Nook to reopen Around the WebIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthGet Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel By The Penny Hoarder The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… You Might Like Boothe: Bentley case won’t stall bills Gov. Robert Bentley could face criminal prosecution after a state ethics panel found probable cause that he broke ethics and… read more “Susan was a longtime member of the Pilot Club,” said Heilon Motes. “She was dedicated to Brain Minders, a bicycle safety program, because children were her heart and she wanted to protect them as best she could.“Susan was a lovely, fun-loving person and she brought joy into many lives. She will be missed by many.”Although Susan devoted 34 years of her life to teaching children, she was just as devoted to teaching adults.“Sue Bee taught smocking, crocheting, painting and ceramics at the Colley Center,” said Catherine Jordan, center director. “She taught a class on dough ornaments and so many of us have Christmas dough ornaments she made for us. She was a member of our advisory council and helped oversee our programs. Susan Berry was a big part of most everything we do and she will be missed in a big way.”Berry’s artwork will be a physical part of her legacy. She was an outstanding painter who worked mainly in oils and acrylics. “Susan’s show at the Johnson Center for the Arts was one of the most successful shows we have ever had,” said Vicki Pritchett, JCA director. “Almost every one of her paintings was purchased. And, those who have one of her paintings have a treasure.”And, Berry’s legacy will also be in the love of reading and stories that she passed along.“One of my fondest memories of Susan is of her sitting in a rocking chair in the Tile Gallery reading ‘The Nutcracker’ to children while surrounded by Nutcrackers from her collection of hundreds,” Pritchett said.  “Actually, she read only a little of the story. She told most of it and the children listened almost spellbound as she brought the stories to life. Susan Berry had a gift – no she had many gifts – and she shared them all with a sweet and loving heart. We have lost a treasure, a real treasure.” Sponsored Content Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Print Article Skip Email the author By Jaine Treadwelllast_img read more

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Briefing

first_imgRelated posts:No related photos. A round-up of news from the professional journalsNurses resist admin Nurses could be put in charge of checking patients’ utility bills orpassports to ensure they are entitled to free treatment on the NHS. Themeasure, which has been criticised by the Royal College of Nursing and theRoyal College of Midwives, is recommended by the Government as part of a driveto clamp down on ‘health tourists’. Nursing Standard, 12 August Images hit home Having explicit pictures of the effects of smoking-related diseases printedon cigarette packets could encourage people to quit, a study by the Cancer ResearchUK Centre for Tobacco Control Research has concluded. Nursing Times, 4 August Pain complaints Patients in A&E are often left in pain after arriving in the unit,according to the latest study of patient satisfaction in England. TheCommission for Health Improvement survey, shows 14 per cent in pain had to waitmore than 30 minutes before receiving pain relief. Nursing Standard, 12 August Asthma hope A breathing technique, pioneered in Russia, may reduce symptoms and inhaleruse in patients with asthma. A report in the journal Thorax studied 90randomised asthmatics in the use of the Eucapnic Buteyko technique, whichmimicked the breath restriction employed in the pranayama yoga breathingtechnique. Thorax 58:8;674-679. Nursing Times, 8 August Previous Article Next Article BriefingOn 1 Sep 2003 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. last_img read more

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Mexico Trade Tariffs Could Harm Hoosier Businesses And Consumers

first_imgBy Abrahm HurtTheStatehouseFile.comINDIANAPOLIS–The leader of one of the state’s largest business organizations warns that a trade war with Mexico would be costly for Indiana consumers and industry alike.“A 5% tariff would essentially raise taxes on Hoosiers by $226 million a year,” Kevin Brinegar, president and CEO of the Indiana Chamber of Commerce, said. “And a 25% tariff would effectively raise taxes on Hoosiers by $1.1 billion a year.”Brinegar made his comments Monday after President Donald Trump that the United States would place a 5% tariff on all Mexican imports beginning July 1 because of Mexico’s failure to reduce the number of undocumented immigrants crossing from Central America into Mexico. The tariffs would gradually increase until they reach 25% in October if the immigration problem isn’t resolved.Brinegar said Indiana is the nation’s 13th largest importer of Mexican goods, bringing in $4.5 billion worth of goods last year. Many Indiana businesses import component parts from Mexico that are made into finished goods in Indiana and then shipped out again, he explained. Top imports from Mexico include auto parts, gas and audio and video equipment as well as produce such as avocados and tomatoes.Many Indiana businesses, like Carrier Corp., have set up operations in Mexico. Carrier has cut more than1,300 Hoosier jobs over the past few years as it shifted jobs south of the border. A spokesperson for Carrier’s parent, United Technologies, declined to comment on the tariffs or the impact on its business.A trade war with Mexico would also be costly for Indiana’s farmers. Bob White, director of national government relations at Indiana Farm Bureau, said Mexico is Indiana’s second largest trade partner behind Canada. Tariffs would increase costs for consumers and Indiana farmers who import vegetables and vegetable transplants from Mexico this time of year.“It will probably hurt our corn and soybean relationship with them, although right now, they’re still buying from us,” White said. “They were still buying from us with the 5% steel and aluminum tariff, although those have been lifted.”White also said these tariffs could put the passage of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) in jeopardy.“We just got rid of the steel and aluminum tariff to hopefully ensure the passage of USMCA and now 5% on Mexico,” he said. “What’s that going to do to the expectations of passage?”The USMCA would have replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement, also known as NAFTA, as the principle trade agreement among the U.S., Mexico and Canada. USMCA includes changes for automakers, digital trade provisions, and intellectual property protections. It was signed by the three countries’ leaders in November and still needs to be ratified by each government.Brinegar said the Indiana Chamber’s concern is that tariffs are not the right approach to trying to address an immigration issue.“The issues with American immigration should be addressed more directly. Not indirectly through imposing tariffs that are essentially just raising taxes on the American people,” he said. “We’re punishing the American people for illegal immigration.”As a trade war with Mexico looms, the U.S. and China continue their trade dispute. In May, the U.S. increased tariffs on Chinese goods by $200 billion, and China responded by increasing tariffs on U.S. goods by $60 billion.Abrahm Hurt is a reporter for TheStatehouseFile.com, a news website powered by Franklin College journalists.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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“READERS FORUM” SEPTEMBER 1, 2018

first_imgWe hope that today’s “Readers Forum” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way? WHATS ON YOUR MIND TODAY?Todays“Readers Poll” question is: Do you feel that the race between Mike Braun (R) and the United States Senator Joe Donelly (D) will be a political barn burner?Please take time and read our articles entitled STATEHOUSE Files, Channel 44 News, LAW ENFORCEMENT, READERS POLL, BIRTHDAYS, Hot Jobs and LOCAL SPORTS.  You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO daily.If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us [email protected]: City-County Observer Comment Policy.  Be kind to people. No personal attacks or harassment will not be tolerated and shall be removed from our site.We understand that sometimes people don’t always agree and discussions may become a little heated.  The use of offensive language, insults against commenters will not be tolerated and will be removed from our siteFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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Guns In Church Bill Stalling Out In House

first_imgGuns In Church Bill Stalling Out In HouseMarch 4, 2018  By Abrahm HurtTheStatehouseFile.comINDIANAPOLIS — Legislation to allow guns in churches appears to be faltering in the Indiana House.Senate Bill 33 would permit a licensed gun owner to carry a firearm onto church property that has a school. For three days it has been on the House calendar and for three days in a row, Rep. Mike Speedy, R-Indianapolis, has declined to bring it up for discussion and amendments.Current law bars guns on school property but SB 33 aims to change that, allowing the gun owner to carry the weapon when attending worship, working or volunteering at the church.Speedy said he has not made a decision on whether he will call the bill for discussion and amendments.“Still trying to figure out the amendments and understand all their implications and just trying to understand them,” he said.Currently, 19 amendments have been filed to change the bill, ranging from banning bump stocks on assault rifles to stripping and replacing the language of the bill.Rep. Jim Lucas, R-Seymour, proposed an amendment that would bar the state from regulating firearms, ammunition and their accessories at all. He has long held the position that Second Amendment guns rights are absolute.Rep. Ben Smaltz, R-Auburn, wants to strip the language of the current bill and replace it with wording similar in content to House Bill 1424, which would drop licensing fees for lifetime gun permits. HB 1424 has passed the Senate and is on the Appropriations Committee.House Speaker Brian Bosma, R-Indianapolis, said he did not know if the bill was in trouble, but added, “There’s some concern about the appropriateness and the timing right now.”Just two weeks ago, a gunman entered a Florida high school and opened fire, killing 17 people and injuring dozens more. The events have sparked debate at both the state and federal level about the availability of guns and whether they should be more tightly regulated.Speedy said it was an appropriate time to discuss gun legislation.“I think it’s an appropriate time to discuss freedom of houses of worship to protect themselves even if they have a school,” Speedy said.FOOTNOTE: Abrahm Hurt is a reporter for TheStatehouseFile.com, a news website powered by Franklin College journalism students.Print Friendly, PDF & EmailFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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Biscotti baker targets growth

first_imgArtisan bakery NISI’s has appointed Cotswold Fayre to distribute its individually wrapped and boxed Italian biscuit products throughout the UK, as part of its bid to double turnover in 2012.The New Forest-based business, which supplies handmade biscotti and macaroons to local shops and delis, including Jamie Oliver’s Recipease outlets, is also undergoing a distribution trial with Falcon, which brought the Byron Bay Cookie to the UK.Denise Stevenson, owner of NISI’s, said: “The flow-wrapped single product has the potential to revolutionise the biscotti market in the UK as they are made using premium ingredients and priced competitively. As a young business, we need to maximise all channels of distribution to achieve this.”last_img read more

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U.S., Salvadoran Airmen Donate Supplies to Youth Center

first_imgBy By Story by Master Sgt. Raphael Romero, 571st Mobility Support Advisory Squadron October 05, 2018 The 571st Mobility Support Advisory Squadron (MSAS) joined efforts with the Salvadoran Air Force (FAS in Spanish) as part of a joint endeavor to give back to the local community of San Martin, located in San Salvador, El Salvador, September 6, 2018. The joint effort was aimed at supporting the Salvadoran Institute for Integral Development for Children and Adolescents (ISNA in Spanish), which serves approximately 88 children, many of them with mental and physical disabilities. During the event, Air Force personnel from both countries donated towels, blankets, pillow covers and personal hygiene kits. The event also consisted of a party with clowns, piñatas and free haircuts. “This is an opportunity that enables us to reach the hearts of the Salvadoran people,” said U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. James Garcia-Arvelo, 571st MSAS air advisor. “We are not only trying to reach our military brothers, but also leave a good impression on the community.” According to FAS Colonel Raymundo Eduardo Torruella Rico, executive of the 1st Aerial Brigade, one of the pillars of the constitutional mission of FAS is to perform actions that benefit the population in the health and well-being department. “The donation that the U.S. Air Force is providing with the combined effort of the Salvadoran Air Force benefits 88 children that are in need,” Col. Torruella said. “It also allows us to provide and give a little bit more of encouragement to the development here in this center, and at the same time, support the Salvadoran citizens where they need it most.” ISNA plans to replenish all their stock with the donated goods, and whatever is left, will be sent to other ISNA centers around the country. “It was a pleasant surprise that was given to us by both of these institutions,” said Ricardo Matias Lazo, director of ISNA’s Special Education Center. “It is a lot of help and a kind gift.” U.S. Air Force Major Norbertha Cooper, 571st MSAS mission commander, recognized the efforts of the U.S. Embassy Civil Affairs personnel and the municipal government for making the event possible. “We are here working with the U.S. Embassy to build partnerships and increase interoperability between the U.S. and El Salvador’s military forces,” Maj. Cooper said. “This community event helps us highlight our presence here and our interoperability between both forces. It’s a pleasure to be here and we want to thank you for welcoming us into your country and your homes.” Alex Ivan Salinas, director of ISNA’s Social Integral Center for Children and Teenagers, thanked both military units on behalf of all the children and teenage residents in the institution. “We hope that this is not the first nor the last time we welcome you here,” Salinas said. “Our doors are open for all and we will always await your arrival, not only this donation, but also to share some happiness playing football, breaking a piñata or whatever we can do to help these children. Many of them do not receive this attention in their homes nor the required stimuli for the activities that you bring to us, it really motivates our children and teenagers, which brings them a lot of joylast_img read more

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